Tuberculosis (TB) is a major threat to global health with an estimated one-third of the world’s population affected. The incidence of TB in South Africa remains amongst the highest in the world. Although considerable attention in terms of research and resources is paid to pulmonary TB, extra-pulmonary TB is often neglected. Tuberculosis of the spine (STB) is a common manifestation of extra-pulmonary TB.
A high and increasing burden of STB are experienced in South Africa with serious and long-term consequences for the individual and health care costs. Primary health care workers in South Africa currently have little or no guidance on the early detection of STB. In addition, a lack of public awareness exists about the early signs and symptoms and consequences of STB.
Overview and Early Detection